Interesting question asked by Alfanaut! Let's dig a little deeper. From what moment was the inline DOHC 4 cylinder called NORD? And where did it stop?alfetta is correct. Nord is just shorthand for the inline DOHC 4 cylinder.
FIAT had nothing to do with it at that time. Alfa Romeo was effectively taken over by the Italian government - by IRI in 1933 to faciliatate Mussolini's interests and continued to be run by IRI until 1980. In the early 70's the Alfasud factory came online and the Milano was dropped off the badge. In 1980 Alfa was taken over by the government holding company Finmeccanica. FIAT didn't buy Alfa Romeo until 1986.I think the name arose when "Milano" disappeared from the Alfa badge. Same time the Alfasud was introduced. This was a political issue in Italy in the early 70's. Fiat merged with Alfa, then went into bankruptcy; the government took over. Alfa was developing a new car (became the "Sud"), and the gov't decided to open the new factory in the south where unemployment was pushing 20%. Alfa dropped the "Milano" label at the bottom of the badge.
PS the Twinspark fitted to the Guilia GTA and GTAJ from the 1960s and 1970s is a Nord engine.At least in the UK, my understanding is the following are regarded as Nord engines:
- the full aluminium (block and head) fitted to the following series of cars:
- the '750' series Giulietta 1300 cc
- the '101' series Giulietta 1300 cc
- the '105' and '115' Giulia range 1300, 1600, 1750 and 2000cc
- the '116' Alfetta and Giulietta range 1300, 1600, 1750/1800 and 2000cc
- the '162' Alfa 75 and 90 series 1600, 1750/1800, 2000cc which is a a 'Twin Spark' inline DOHC 4 cylinder '162' is commonly referred to as the 'Twin Spark' engines as are those of the Alfa 155 and 156, etc.
I was wondering how many variants there are of the Nord-engine and started to make a list. Please feel free to add and correct! This is what I came up with sofar:
1300 74,0 x 75,0 Giulietta & Giulia/101 and 105
1300 80,0 x 67,5 Giulietta Nuova/116
1600 78,0 x 82,0 Giulia & Alfetta & Giulietta Nuova/105 and 116
1750 80,0 x 88,5 Giulia & Alfetta & Giulietta Nuova/105 and 116
2000 84,0 x 88,5 Giulia & Alfetta & Giulietta Nuova/105 and 116
2000 84,5 x 88,0 2000 Berlina - Sprint - Spider/102
1300 78,0 x 67,5 Giulia Sprint GTA 1300 Junior/105
1300 75,0 x 75,0 Giulia Sprint GT-GTV bored out/105
1500 76,0 x 82,0 Giulietta 750 Competizione/750-101
1500 83,4 x 68,5 'Marine'
1600 78,0 x 82,0 Giulia Sprint GTA/105
1600 78,7 x 82,0 Giulia Sprint GT-GTV-GTA bored out/105
1600 86,0 x 67,5 Gulia Sprint GTA-SA/105
1750 81,0 x 88,5 Giulia 1750 GTV-IMSA bored out/105
1900 86,0 x 82,0 Giulia '1900' GTA/105
2000 84,5 x 88,5 Giulia (1750-2000) GTAm/105
2100 ? Giulia Alfetta
Sources are the Performance Options Catalogs from Alfa Romeo and the Fusi 'Bible' from 1978.
the GTA-SA is incorrect - it is shown incorrectly in Fusi and a whole bunch of other publications - it is the same as the regular 1600 GTA. The bore and stroke dimensions given are for the short stroke GTA 1600F2 engine w/ monobloc.