No. It might need to crank a bit longer to pump fuel through the fuel lines but there is no need for any priming or bleeding procedure. You can cycle the key on-off-on-off-on-off which will (briefly) power on the fuel pumps to send some gas up to the fuel rail.
Next is to figure out why it won't start. How low on gas did it get and for how long? The pumps do not like being run dry - the gas both cools & lubricates the pumps.
The drive relay controls power to the fuel pumps. It gets a tachymetric signal from the coil to 'know' the engine is running. When you switch on the ignition the drive relay thinks that is the start of the tachymetric signal and sends power to the pumps. When the tachymetric signal does not continue the drive relay switches off power to the pumps.
There is also a bypass circuit to power on the pumps when the key is turned to 'start'. This ensures that the pumps are powered on during cranking - before the engine starts. Then the drive relay takes over when the engine starts & you release the key back to 'on'.